ISBN 978-87-90330-50-7 (new)
PG No. 10055
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 - 1827) German composer and pianist.
As we know: One of music histories greatest composers and he was very important in the development of music between the Classical and Romantic time of Western classical music.
Beethoven was born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne in present-days Germany.
His father was a bass player who drank too much.
Young Beethoven moved to Vienna, Austria in a young age and settled there.
His first intention was to study with Mozart, but he never did. We don’t know why.
But he studied with Joseph Haydn, and Beethoven, beside being composer,
also got a fine reputation as a virtuoso pianist.
We can read about the history of Beethoven in many fine books.
I will just mention here, that his hearing began to deteriorate in the late 1790s,
and yet he continued to compose and to conduct and perform, for some 30 years,
even after becoming completely deaf. For sure “the inner music” was there,
but also for sure, it must have been more than difficult for Beethoven not to be able to hear his own music
while composing and when it was performed, a must for all composers who naturally work in “tone colors”.
It can be compared to a painter who work in colors and the impossibility for him, if he was blind!
This composition “3 Equales for 4 trombones” was composed in 1812 when Beehoven spend some time
in the town Linz, visiting his brother.
The local “Cathedral Kapellmeister” (Cathedral orchestra leader) Franz Xavier Glöggl asked Beethoven to compose for him
the so-called “Equals for four trombones”.
The handwritten manuscript by Beethoven in fact have the date of 2nd November (All Saints day) written.
So it is most likely this was the day of the first performance.
Beethoven died on 26 March 1827.
Anselm Hÿttenbrenner’s account of the moment of death is melodramatic:
There came a flash of lightning accompanied by a violent clap of thunder, which garishly illuminated the death-chamber. (Snow lay before Beethoven’s dwelling). After this unexpected phenomenon of nature, which startled me greatly, Beethoven opened his eyes, lifted his right hand and looked up for several seconds with his fist clenched and a very serious, threatening expression as if he wanted to say: “Inimical powers, I defy you! Away with you! God is with me!” It also seemed as if, like a brave commander, he wished to call out to his wavering troops: “Courage, soldiers! Forward! Trust in me! Victory is assured.” When he let the raised hand sink to the bed his eyes closed half-way.
Beethoven’s funeral was in the afternoon on the 29th March 1827.
The Equales were played right after the starting speech by Beethoven’s publisher: Tobias Haslinger.
The decision to both write the Equales and to have them performed at Beethoven’s funeral was firmly based on centuries old German Catholic liturgical tradition, in which we have seen for the trombone at least. - But it is believed that only two of them were performed on trombones (No. 1 and 3). There is the believe that the second Equale was performed by singers for that occasion.
The four trombone players at Beethoven’s funeral was:
Two brothers by the name Böck,
and the trombonists Weidi, and Tuschky.
There are several different versions printed of the 3 Equales for 4 trombones. This one is believed to be the authentic versions, and from my trombone teachers in Denmark (who was in line of the best German trombone players and teachers at that time, with traditions going back to trombone virtuoso professor Paul Weschke from Berlin (Per Gade, student by Palmer Traulsen who was a student by Anton Hansen who was a student by Paul Weschke) there is a tradition among the best trombone students concerning the performance of the nuances and the tempi the 3 Equales should played in, which is said to be the original ones, but did not get into the printed music.
So her it is:
The first original tradition of the performance of Beethoven’s 3 Equales for 4 Trombones with the right nuances in the parts, as they were played at Beethoven’s funeral.
This composition is in print for the first time with this original version.
This is what yo get:
Part 1: Trombone 1 (alto trb.) Alto clef, with substitute parts in both Tenor and Bass clefs.
Part 2: Trombone 2 (alto trb.) Alto clef, with substitute parts in both Tenor and Bass clefs.
Part 3. Trombone 3 (tenor trb.) Tenor clef, with substitute parts in Bass clef.
Part 4: Trombone 4 (trombone basso).
A4 size ( H 30 x 21 cm). (H 12” x W 8,4” inch).
Quality Music Press, Cph. (Per Gade)
ALL TEXT, BIOGRAPHY etc.
If you want to use any of this text for any purpose
(like concert program, etc.),
you must have a written permission by prof. Per Gade.